You may be wondering why some countries need coconut fiber. The truth is that they use this product to create other products. Indeed, the coconut fiber properties determine the quality of the new products they produce. The information below helps to explain the properties of this product and the way to manufacture it.
The List of Coconut Fiber Properties
Coconut fiber is thick and coarse. Interestingly, this product is durable enough! It is the reason why this product is suitable for a variety of new products. Manufacturers often use this fiber for creating home appliances, carpets, pillows, dashboards, and many more. The length of this fiber is 6 to 8 inches, along with 1.40 g of density. The tenacity of high-quality coconut fiber is 10.0 g. This product often has 0.1 to 1.5 mm in diameter with up to 30 percent of breaking elongation. The reason why this product becomes one of the featured products is also because of its rigidity of modulus. The rigidity modulus of this raw material is 1.8924 dyne/cm2. It is also considered a durable product because the moisture is up to 10.50 percent and 5 percent when swelling in the water. All the coconut fiber properties make it the favorite raw material for some products.
Coconut Fiber Chemical Properties
Indeed, coconut fiber also has some chemical properties. These properties create a unique characteristic. For example, this fiber contains 45.84 percent of Lignin. This product also has Cellulose and hemicellulose. Each of them is 43.44 percent and 00.25 percent. You will also find pectin and related compounds in this raw material up to 03.00 percent. One of the properties of this product is water soluble and it is available there up to 05.25 percent. There is a 02.22 percent of ash among all coconut fiber properties.
The Way to Process Coconut Fiber
Manufacturers often do several steps to process coconut fiber before selling it as a product. Here, we will show you the way manufacturers process coconut fiber. They process this product to a specific standard to keep the properties. The more properties in the fiber, the higher the quality of the product.
Harvesting the Coconut Husk
Coconut fiber is the extraction of coconut husk. So, manufacturers should harvest the coconut husk first. They often take the husk from ten to eleven months old. These nuts produce golden yellow coconut husk.
Coconut Fiber Retting
Manufacturers are about retting the coconut husk once they get it. Retting is the process where the husk is stored in a specific environment to encourage the occurrence of microbes. We need microbes to decompose the husk’s pulp. The purpose of this process is to separate coir fiber and coir pith. Coir pith is the residue in this process. Manufacturers often use freshwater for retting the fully ripe coconut husks. In case they get green husks, they will process them using salt water.
Coconut Fiber Extraction
The coconut husks are taken out from the water after the retting process. In this case, some coconut fiber properties are decreased. Next, they will wash the husks and peel off the outer skin. They should separate the fiber from the residue. The way to do it is by placing the wet husks on the wooden blocks and beating them with a wooden mallet. The husks should be dried before continuing to the spinning, weaving, dyeing, and printing.
The coconut fiber properties decrease during the process. Yet, the right process will keep properties as much as it can to produce premium coconut fiber.