One of the potential feed ingredients is palm kernel shell uses. It is the hard part of the palm kernel which has a brown color. It is a by-product of palm oil and even reaches 45% of palm processing. And also, it has many utilities including activated charcoal, paving material, and other benefits in the industrial sector. Indococo is one of the palm oil industries that produce high-quality palm kernel shell. Besides that, Indococo also provides other palm oil products.
The effort to increase livestock production is not enough just to provide natural grass, but additional feed is needed. The high price of imported feed encourages farmers to take advantage of various local resources as alternative sources of feed ingredients. Especially raw materials for protein and energy sources. The raw materials are expected to be available continuously, abundantly, cheaply, not competing with human needs. And also, economically profitable, and socially acceptable to the community.
Benefits of Palm Kernel Shell
If we look at the value of the chemical elements, the palm kernel shell has 14-17% protein, 12-18% crude fiber, and 10.5% fat. Therefore, palm kernel shell uses have benefits as a nutritious animal feed mixture. The fermentation process of palm kernel shells for animal feed is with fungi and bacteria. Such as Rhizopus oligospars, Aspergilus niger, or Eupenicilium javanicum.
The fermentation aims to reduce the value of crude fiber, and of course, increase the protein value of palm kernel shell. It also makes the palm kernel shell level of digestibility increase. If the breeders find it difficult to get, they can use probiotics sold on the market such as Liquid Organic Supplements. This fermentation process is increasing the protein value of palm kernel shells from 14% to 23%. If we add more fiber-destroying enzymes to chicken rations that have 30% palm kernel shell, it can improve the performance of chickens better than chickens that are fed by regular rations.
In dairy cows, farmers can provide 65% of the total ration material, 25% corn, and 10% soybean meal. Meanwhile, beef cattle can use up to 70% palm shell from the entire animal feed ration. For sheep, the breeder can provide as much as 30%, with a grass mixture. The composition can increase the weight of livestock growth from 30g in one day. While, by giving palm kernel shell, the weight of sheep can increase to 70g/head/day. In poultry, the utilization of palm kernel shell is around 5-15%, due to its very high crude fiber and low digestibility system. For laying hens, breeders can add 10-15% palm kernel shell. It is because the digestive system of laying hens is better than broilers. Palm kernel shell uses in chickens is also useful as a control for the bad bacteria Salmonella.
Availability and Price
In addition to the high nutritional content for animal feed, the price of palm kernel shell uses is also quite cheap because it is availability is also abundant. It is because Indonesia is the number one largest palm oil-producing country in the world. Contributing as much as 48% of the total volume of palm oil production in the world. Sumatra accounts for 78% and Kalimantan 18% of Indonesia’s total palm oil production. Please don’t hesitate to connect with Indococo team for further information about palm kernel shells via WhatsApp. You can also access more information about palm kernel shell by visiting our website.